(, ; 11 December 1911 – 30 August 2006) was an Egyptian writer who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature
. He is regarded as one of the first contemporary writers of Arabic literature
, along with Taha Hussein
, to explore themes of existentialism
. He published 34 novels, over 350 short stories, dozens of movie scripts, hundreds of op-ed columns for Egyptian newspapers, and five plays over a 70-year career. Many of his works have been made into Egyptian
and foreign films.
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