Franz Schubert

Franz Schubert by [[Wilhelm August Rieder

Franz Peter Schubert (; 31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras. Despite his short life, Schubert left behind a vast ''oeuvre'', including more than 600 secular vocal works (mainly ''Lieder''), seven complete symphonies, sacred music, operas, incidental music, and a large body of piano and chamber music. His major works include the art songs "Erlkönig", "Gretchen am Spinnrade", and "Ave Maria"; the ''Trout'' Quintet; the Symphony No. 8 in B minor (''Unfinished''); the Symphony No. 9 in C major (''Great''); the String Quartet No. 14 in D minor (''Death and the Maiden''); the String Quintet in C major; the Impromptus for solo piano; the last three piano sonatas; the Fantasia in F minor for piano four hands; the opera ''Fierrabras''; the incidental music to the play ''Rosamunde''; and the song cycles ''Die schöne Müllerin'', ''Winterreise'' and ''Schwanengesang''.

Born in the Himmelpfortgrund suburb of Vienna, Schubert showed uncommon gifts for music from an early age. His father gave him his first violin lessons and his elder brother gave him piano lessons, but Schubert soon exceeded their abilities. In 1808, at the age of eleven, he became a pupil at the Stadtkonvikt school, where he became acquainted with the orchestral music of Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven. He left the Stadtkonvikt at the end of 1813 and returned home to live with his father, where he began studying to become a schoolteacher. Despite this, he continued his studies in composition with Antonio Salieri and still composed prolifically. In 1821, Schubert was admitted to the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde as a performing member, which helped establish his name among the Viennese citizenry. He gave a concert of his works to critical acclaim in March 1828, the only time he did so in his career. He died eight months later at the age of 31, the cause officially attributed to typhoid fever, but believed by some historians to be syphilis.

Appreciation of Schubert's music while he was alive was limited to a relatively small circle of admirers in Vienna, but interest in his work increased greatly in the decades following his death. Felix Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms and other 19th-century composers discovered and championed his works. Today, Schubert is considered one of the greatest composers in the history of Western classical music and his music continues to be widely performed. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1992
    Other Authors: “…Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828…”
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  2. 2
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1994
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  3. 3
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1993
    Other Authors: “…Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828…”
    CD Audio
  4. 4
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1994
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  5. 5
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1989
    Other Authors: “…Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828…”
    CD Audio
  6. 6
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1991
    Other Authors: “…Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828…”
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  7. 7
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1991
    CD Audio
  8. 8
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1989
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    CD Audio
  9. 9
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1989
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  10. 10
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1993
    Other Authors: “…Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828…”
    CD Audio
  11. 11
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1992
    CD Audio
  12. 12
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1992
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  13. 13
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1992
    Other Authors: “…Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828…”
    CD Audio
  14. 14
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1993
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  15. 15
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1993
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  16. 16
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1992
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  17. 17
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1987
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  18. 18
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1994
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  19. 19
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1990
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  20. 20
    by Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828
    Published 1982
    CD Audio
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